Cavalry Scout Basic Training Notes, Week 1

Summer 1985, Fort Knox, Kentucky


Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 4

Day 5

Day 6

Day 7


General Information

Phonetic Alphabet

A = Alpha
B = Bravo
C = Charlie
D = Delta
E = Echo
F = Fox
G = Golf

H = Hotel
I = India
J = Juliet
K = Kilo
L = Lima
M = Mike
N = November

O = Oscar
P = Papa
Q = Quebec
R = Romeo
S = Sierra
T = Tango
U = Uniform

V = Victor
W = Whiskey
X= X-Ray
Y = Yankee
Z = Zulu


Numbers (pronounce the way spelled)

1 = wun

2 = two

3 = tree

4 = fower

5 = fife

6 = six

7 = seven

8 = eight

9 = niner

0 = zero


Chain of Command

Commander in Chief: Ronald Reagan

Secretary of Defense: Casper Weinberger

Army Chief of Staff: General John Vessey

Secretary of the Army: John O. Marsh

Ft. Knox Commanding General: Major General Fredrick Brown

TRADOC Commander: General Richardson

Deputy TRADOC Commander: General Sullivan

1st Armor Training Brigade CO: Colonel Franks

1st Armor Training Brigade SGM: CSM Preston

Squadron Commander: Lt. Col. Robinson

Squadron Sgt. Major: (Acting) 1st SGT. Walker

Troop Commander: Capt. Miller

Troop XO: Lt. Dioguardi

Troop 1st SGT: 1st SGT Haymen

Platoon Drill Sgt.: SSGT Talmedge Cogans

Squad Leader (Guide): SP4 Morrisey


Things To Know

  • All about M16

  • Drill & Ceremony

  • NBC (Nuclear, Biological, & Chemical)

  • General Orders

  • M203

  • M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun

  • Claymore Mines

  • M72 LAW (Light Anti-Tank Weapon)

  • M60 Machine Gun

  • Map Reading, 5 Colors and what they mean

  • Grenades, 5 Types

  • Types of Ammo for all Weapons

  • Maximum Range of Weapons

  • Maximum Effective Range of Weapons

  • Flags (Signals)

Chaplains Orientation

Three Services on Sunday

Phase I: Protestant @ 0730 HRS, Catholic @ 0930 HRS

Phase II: Protestant @ 0830 HRS

  • If you would like to talk to a Chaplain, talk to your Drill Sergeant first.

  • Rolling retreat sometime between 6th and 13th week of training.  Need to wear Class A's and have $6.00 for Bus.

Hearing Orientation

  • Need to wear earplugs while working around any noise areas such as:

    • Mowing Machine

    • Firing Range

    • Tracked Vehicles

    • Jets

    • Anything producing Loud Noise

  • Insert ear plugs all the way to the 3rd flange

  • When taking out the ear plugs you should feel a vacuum.

Captain's Orientation

Cavalry Scout One Station Unit Training (OSUT)

Week 1: Class on Military Justice, 19D Orientation, Drill & Ceremony

Week 2: Defensive Driving, First Aid, NBC Warfare, Drill & Ceremony, Gas Chamber,  PT

Week 3: Basic Rifle Marksmanship, Bivouac, Guard Duty, Drivers Testing, PT

Week 4: Basic Rifle Marksmanship, 6-8 Mile Road March

Week 5: Gate I, M203 Grenade Launcher, M60 Machine Gun, Confidence Course

Week 6: M60 FAM Fire, Phase II Issue, Combat Weapons Course, Grenade Assault Course, 12 to 15 mile road march, PT

Week 7: Communications, Land Navigation, M113A1, PT

Week 8: Basic M113A1 Driving, THREAT, Gate II Review, Gate II Test, JET/RAPALLSION Briefing, PT.

Week 9: M2 0.50 Caliber Machine Gun, Mounted Recon Advance, Night Driving, Land Mines

Week 10: TOW & Dragon Missiles, Night Land Navigation, Drown Proofing, Call for Fire, Route Classification, PT

Week 11: Cavalry Field Exercise, Waterborne Operations, PT

Week 12: Gate III Review, Gate III Test, Blood Donation, PT

Week 13: Squadron Commander Inspection, Retreat Ceremony, Graduation

**Bradley Training, 2 Weeks**

Tips from Captain Miller: Score High on everything, and achieve Expert Rifle Marksmanship


Prelude To Military Justice (*stated by Captain Miller)

  • Will not tolerate disrespect to NCO's

  • Fighting will not be tolerated

  • Must keep physical security

  • Keep wall lockers secured

Sick Call

  • One cannot be denied the right to sick call

  • Anyone from Echo Troop can see Captain Miller and will not be turned down.

1st Lt. Dioguardi's Orientation

  • About 10% will not be here on graduation day.

  • Van Guard is for elite who will most likely make Sergeant.

Drill and Ceremony Orientation Part 1

  • Baron Von Buelow wrote Blue Book in 1779, known as Book of Marching.

  • Marching and fighting in formation was common practice in early history.

Climate Orientation

  • Must know how long it takes to get used to climate. (Usually 1 to 2 weeks)

  • How to handle heat injuries

  • Heat stroke is real bad news

  • Navic Massachusetts is research center that studies climate conditions.

  • In dry places (low humidity) it is still hot and dangerous because you don't know you are sweating.

  • Sandy places are also dangerous for it can get in your eyes and nose.

  • Heat intensity can effect how long you can work.

  • Older men and women carrying heavy loads more likely to get heat exhaustion.


  1. Stops circulation below the knees.

  2. If you faint, you will fall on your face!

Heat Exhaustion

  • Person gets dizzy

  • Person passes out for short time

  • Loosen or remove victims clothing

  • Give salt solution to person

  • Lay victim down, feet higher than head.

Heat Stroke

  • Person passes out

  • Get clothes off!

  • Take rectal temperature, shouldn't be over 105°F

  • Wet sponge victim in shade.

Military Justice II

UCMJ = Uniform Code of Military Justice


3 Types of Article 15's

  1. Summary

  2. Troop

  3. Field Grade

Article 15

  • Punishes without trial

  • Examples of offenses:

    • Improper wear of uniform

    • Missing formation and movement

    • Leaving valuables unsecured

    • Disrespect to an NCO

Types of Court Martial's

  1. Summary

  2. Troop Level

  3. Field Grade

Maximum Punishment: HARD LABOR

  • You can have a civilian or military lawyer appointed to you.

* As soon as you finish police call throw trash in trash can, not your pockets.

* An Article 15 cannot give you a dishonorable discharge.

* If you have a hearing before the Lt. Colonel, it can be either open or closed.

* Phone #4-BOSS can let you talk to Colonel Franklin about trainee abuses.

Commanders Orientation (given by Lt. Col. Robinson)

  • One's slogan must be "Be a Success"

  • Trainee abuse will not be tolerated!

Responsibility of a Soldier:

  • Soldier must have faith to exist.

  • Just don't lie to take care of yourself

  • Take care of everything

  • Soldiers must accept responsibilities

Military Customs and Courtesies

  • Once you reach E5, you are considered a non-commissioned officer.

  • Protocol is the Armies way of doing things.

If your are by yourself and an officer approaches

  1. Come to attention

  2. Salute when he is 6 paces away.

  3. Salute with proper greeting.

  4. Come back to normal.

If in a group and an officer approaches

  1. First person who sees the officers calls the group attention.

  2. That person will answer for group.

If on detail

  1. Senior man calls detail to attention

  2. Group comes to attention and salutes.

Reporting to Company Commanding Officer

Move within two steps of desk of officer himself.

  1. Salute

  2. "Private xxxx reports sir"

  3. Hold salute until he gives his.

  4. Stay at attention

  5. Come to attention at end.

  6. Salute

  7. About face and leave.

Reporting to Company Commanding Officer Outdoors

  1. Report at attention

  2. Salute

  3. At end of meeting salute

  4. About Face and leave.

Military Vehicle Courtesy

  • Salute until General returns salute or car passes you.

  • Only passenger salutes.

Always render respect to American Flag.

Corporal has higher rank than Specialist 4.

You must treat a Corporal like a non-commissioned officer.

Wearing of the Uniform

  • Class Standards of appearance

  • Your not allowed to be off post in your B.D.U.'s unless you go to make a quick stop on your way home.

Hair Cut Policy

  • Hair must be neat

  • Hair must have tapered layers

  • When combed down must not fall over your eyes.

  • Must not interfere with wearing of hats.


  • Side burns must be horizontal

  • Must not come lower than ear opening.

  • No mustaches, one must be clean shaven.

Uniform: Understand the need for and the purpose of the uniform.

  • It is more easy to identify one another in war.

  • Familiarize yourself with the history of the uniform.

    • First dry cleanable uniform adopted in WWII

    • Eisenhower jacket of WWII replaced in 1950's by Army Green Uniform.

  • Be able to recognize difference in uniform.

3 Categories of Uniform

  1. Service and Dress

  2. Mess and Evening (Dress Blues)

  3. Field and Work.

  • Nomex Uniform worn by pilots

  • Monthly clothing allowance helps in the upkeep of uniform.

Class A Uniform

  • White undershorts

  • White T-Shirt

  • Green Socks

  • Light Green Dress Shirt

  • Green Trousers

  • Black Dress Belt

  • Green Coat

  • Green Garrison Hat

  • Black Dress Gloves

  • Black Shoes

  • Black Rain Coat

4 Varieties of Class A

  1. With Jacket

  2. Without Jacket (short sleeve shirt)

  3. Without Jacket (long sleeve shirt)

  4. Without Jacket (with sweater over shirt)

Rain coat can be worn with or without liner.


Wear and Inspection of Class A Uniform

  • Class A must be dry cleaned

  • If wrinkled must be steamed press

  • Uniform should be hung up to prevent wrinkling

  • Shoes should be cleaned and polished on a daily basis.

  • Protective lacquer coat must be removed from shoes.

  • Use soft cloth to clean off finger prints.

Battle Dress Uniform (B.D.U.)

  • Made of nylon and cotton

  • Machine Wash

    1. Warm Water

    2. Mild Detergent

    3. Permanent Press Dry

    4. Allow to cool to room temperature before removing from dryer.

Code of Conduct

  • Code was first introduced in 1955 by President Eisenhower

  • Geneva convention set up rules for warfare.

Law of Land Warfare

  • Hague and Geneva conventions

  • 1859 39,000 soldiers died on a Sunday afternoon in Italy.

    • This resulted in the beginning of the Red Cross.

  • In 1863 United States Army wrote a manual on how to act in war.

  • There are (4) Geneva Convention Conditions

    1. Wounded and Sick (Land)

    2. Wounded and Sick (Sea)

    3. Prisoner of War

    4. Civilian

  • Geneva and Hague conventions are International Treaties and could result in court martial if violated.

  • Even once you become a civilian you could be brought upon war crimes.

  • Treat each captured person the way you would want to be treated.

  • Interrogate in a human way.

  • You can't kill a captured enemy prisoner.

  • Laws prohibit loitering, stealing, or poaching during a war.

  • You can not burn peoples villages.

  • Geneva conventions state it is against the law to take hostages.

  • When told to, or ordered to commit a crime, it is a soldiers duty to resist that order.

History of the Law of War

  • Attempt by nations to control how they will do war.

  • Customary Law - Law that is not written down.

  • Hague Convention deals mainly with rules of Law of War

  • Laws also apply to unconditional land warfare.

  • Cannot destroy buildings of land populace.

  • Against law to tamper with your weapon.

  • Cannot put troops in Red Cross vehicle.


Why follow Law of Land Warfare If The Enemy Doesn't?  Keeps better control of troops, you can also get civilian help if you obey laws.


Rules of Engagement

  • Certain weapons can only be used a certain way, usually set by ground commander.

Civilian Relationship in Combat

  • Treat everyone as a Prisoner of War (POW)

  • You are only allowed to take a POW's weapon, they can keep everything else.

  • POW is only required to give:

    • Name

    • Rank

    • Serial Number

    • Date of Birth

Environmental Medicine

Frost Bite

Skin chalky white, pressing on skin will not make it turn red.

  1. Find shelter.

  2. Warm gradually, body heat only.

  • Do not rub skin to get it warm.

  • Pain is a good sign that body heat is coming back.

Insects (Mosquitoes) often cause Malaria.

Lt. Dioguardi's Presentation

  • Promotions E1 to E4 up to Company Commander

  • Promotions E5 to E6 up to Squadron Commander

  • Promotions E7 to E9 up to Department of Defense

  • Army file 201 is the file the Army keeps on you, of your life.

  • Once a year you ought to write the Army for a copy of your 201 file to make sure its correct.

Field Sanitary Hygiene

  • In field environment it is crucial for good sanitation and hygiene.  You may be in the field for a long time.

  • If you don't keep good sanitation and hygiene you could end up with contaminated supplies which could result in your death.

Items Needed for Personnel Hygiene In Field

  1. Razor with blade

  2. Shaving Cream

  3. Soap with plastic container

  4. Tooth Paste, Tooth Brush with plastic case.

  5. Towel and Wash Cloth

  6. Change of clothes for each day in field

  7. Foot powder

  • Make sure you clean canteen and mess kit with soapy water.

  • Wash hands before meals.

  • Dip mess kit in boiling water before eating.

  • Put paper trash in paper trash can.

  • Put eatables in eatables trash can.

May Have to eat C-Rations, which consist of:

  1. Instant meal course

  2. Cheese & Crackers

  3. Desert

  4. Coffee grounds for coffee

Disposal of Human Waste In Field

On Break During March

  • Can Hole Latrine

    • 1 Foot in diameter

    • 1 Foot deep

During Bivouac

  • Straddle Trench

    • 4 Feet long

    • 1 Foot wide

    • 2 Feet Deep

Field Hygiene

  • Always wash body from head to toe

  • Use helmet pot to hold your water

  • At least once a week shampoo hair

  • Keep finger nails short and clean

  • Brush teeth at least before going to bed

  • Clothing should be changed daily

  • Spray insect repellant into tent to kill all insects

  • First thing you do is when you get up is to put on clean clothes so you are protected from insects and cold.

  • Shave using water in your pot.

Protection From Insects

  • Blouse in boots

  • Roll down sleeves

  • Button all buttons

  • Apply insect repellant around openings

    • collar

    • waist

    • cuffs

    • boot tops

    • knees

    • elbows

    • shoulder blades

  • Put insect repellant on face and neck by rubbing hands first with repellant

Summary of Field Hygiene

  • Know what to take to field

  • Make sure mess kit is clean

  • Put trash away properly

  • Dispose of waste

  • Clean yourself

  • Brush teeth

  • Sleep Safely

  • Shave in the morning

  • Put on insect repellant



Role of The Army

16 Divisions Make Up Today's Army (June 1985)

  • Armor

  • Infantry

  • Airborne

  • Mechanized Infantry

  • Air Assault

  • Strength and allegiance is the main reason people join army

  • U.S. Army was born in 1775

    • A private was paid $6.00 a month and had to furnish his own uniform.

    • Most were reservist in Revolutionary War

  • On July 12, 1862 President Lincoln adopted the Medal of Honor for the Armed Services.

  • June 17, 1782 one who has served 3 years can add a stripe to his sleeve.

  • Revolutionary War uniform was make shift.  But when we got into the 1790's uniform codes were set up.

  • The main role of the Army after the Revolutionary War was to protect the 13 colonies.

  • In 1812 U.S. fought England and won.  We returned to guarding the colonies after the war.

  • In the early 1800's the Army started trying to find ways of moving itself quickly and rapidly.

  • After the Civil War the U.S. Army went to guarding the people moving west.